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Randomized Control Trials

Randomized Evaluation in Legal Assistance: What Difference Does Representation (Offer and Actual Use) Make?

D. James Greiner, Cassandra Wolos Pattanayak,

Particularly with respect to low-income clients in civil cases, how much of a difference does legal representation make? In 2007, we initiated discussions with various legal services providers to generate interest in a series of randomized trials that we hoped would provide gold-standard answers to the question of how much of a difference both an offer…

Can We Teach Peace and Conflict Resolution? Results from a Randomized Evaluation of the Community Empowerment Program (CEP) in Liberia: A Program to Build Peace, Human Rights, and Civic Participation

Robert Blair, Christopher Blattman, Alexandra Hartman,

Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) and Yale University researchers studied one of Liberia’s largest peace building programs—the Community Empowerment Program—for answers. The CEP was an intensive community education campaign that focused on civic education, human rights, and community collective action. Above all, the program attempted to impart knowledge and skills to foster dialogue and non-violent…

Impact evaluation of supporting traditional leaders and local structures to mitigate community-level conflict in Zimbabwe

Kate Baldwin, Shylock Muyengwa,

This report is by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This report presents results from the follow-up survey carried out as part of an impact evaluation of the Supporting Traditional Leaders and Local Structures to Mitigate Community-level Conflict in Zimbabwe project. The evaluation is part of the Center of Excellence on Democracy, Human…

Filling the Legal Void? Experimental Evidence from a Community-Based Legal Aid Program for Gender-Equal Land Rights in Tanzania

Valerie Mueller, Lucy Billings, Tewodaj Mogues, Amber Peterman, Ayala Wineman,

Abstract: Gender disparities continue to exist in women’s control, inheritance, and ownership of land in spite of legislation directing improvements in women’s land access. Women are often excluded from traditional patrilineal inheritance systems, often lack the legal know-how or enforcement mechanisms to ensure their property rights are maintained, and often lack initial capital or asset…

Indonesian Participatory Budgeting Efforts

Joe Fernandez,

Five years after the financial crisis and three years into decentralization, participatory budgeting concept remains unclear in the practice of public finance transformation on macroeconomic stability, actual spending and the management of public resources. This concept is mostly assumed as an integral part of an Initiative for Public Engagement in Budgeting Process which has been recognized in 2000 in…

Do Informed Voters Make Better Choices? Experimental Evidence from Urban India

Abhijit V. Banerjee, Selvan Kumar, Rohini Pande, Felix Su,

Disclosure laws for politicians exist in over a hundred countries. But can disclosures about incumbent performance and candidate qualifications influence electoral accountability in settings characterized by weak institutions and less educated populations? In the run-up to elections in Delhi, we implemented a field experiment where we provided slum dwellers with newspapers containing report cards on candidate qualifications and their…

The TOSTAN Program: Evaluation of a Community Based Education Program in Senegal

Nafissatou J. Diop, Modou Mbacke Faye, Amadou Moreau, Jacqueline Cabral, Hélène Benga, Fatou Cissé, Babacar Mané, Inge Baumgarten, Molly Melching,

This operations research project evaluated the effect and impact of a basic education program, developed by TOSTAN, a non-governmental organization based at Thiès, Senegal. The basic education program consists of four modules: hygiene, problem solving, women’s health, and human rights. Through these four themes, emphasis was placed on enabling the participants, who were mostly women, to analyze their own…

Peer Effects, Pupil-Teacher Ratios, and Teacher Incentives: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya

Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas, Michael Kremer,

This paper was published by the American Economic Review. This paper reports on a project designed to provide experimental evidence on several questions regarding resource allocation in primary education: the impact of pupil-teacher ratios, tracking, and the institutional environment (teacher contracts and beneficiary control). The project involved 210 primary schools in Western Kenya. We find that in this…

The Impact of Legal Counsel on Outcomes for Poor Tenants in New York City’s Housing Court: Results of a Randomized Experiment

Carroll Serron, Gregg van Ryzin, Martin Frankel,

This article was written for the Law and Society Review. This article presents results of the first randomized experimental evaluation of a legal assistance program for low-income tenants in New York City’s Housing Court.  While almost all landlords in Housing Court have the benefit of legal representation, the vast majority of tenants do not.  The results demonstrate…

Informing Resource-Poor Populations and the Delivery of Entitled Health and Social Services in Rural India

Priyanka Pandey, PhD, Ashwini R. Sehgal, MD, Michelle Riboud, PhD, David Levine, MD, ScD, Madhav Goyal, MD, MPH,

A lack of awareness about entitled health and social services may contribute to poor delivery of such services in developing countries, especially among individuals of low socioeconomic status.   This report aimed to determine the impact of informing resource-poor rural populations about entitled services.  It used community-based, cluster randomized controlled trial conducted from May 2004 to May…

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