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NGOs

Community Forestry in Myanmar: Progress & Potentials

Kyaw Tint, Oliver Springate-Baginski, Mehm Ko Ko Gyi,

This paper is the main output of a research project initiated by Pyoe Pin, and led by Ecosystem Conservation and Community Development Initiative (ECCDI) with support from the University of East Anglia, whose aim has been to fill the gap in knowledge over the progress of Community Forestry in Myanmar through a systematic study. This…

Can We Teach Peace and Conflict Resolution? Results from a Randomized Evaluation of the Community Empowerment Program (CEP) in Liberia: A Program to Build Peace, Human Rights, and Civic Participation

Robert Blair, Christopher Blattman, Alexandra Hartman,

Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) and Yale University researchers studied one of Liberia’s largest peace building programs—the Community Empowerment Program—for answers. The CEP was an intensive community education campaign that focused on civic education, human rights, and community collective action. Above all, the program attempted to impart knowledge and skills to foster dialogue and non-violent…

Increasing Access to Justice for Women, the Poor, and Those Living in Remote Areas: An Indonesian Case Study

Leisha Lister, Cate Sumner, Matthew Zurstrassen,

Recent reforms in the religious courts of Indonesia have resulted in a 14-fold increase in the number of poor clients able to access the courts through court fee waivers and a fourfold increase in the number able to access circuit courts in remote areas. These increases are significant because the ability of the poor, particularly…

Participatory Inclusive Land Readjustment in Huambo, Angola

Allan Cain, Beat Weber, Moises Festo,

After a protracted period of conflict, Angola has been reconstructing its social and physical infrastructure and developing new policies and legislation to address the chronic poverty that the majority of families still live in. The four decades of war were characterized by land expropriation, forced removals, resettlement, and massive internal displacement of rural and urban…

Addressing the Information Requirements of the Urban Poor – A Government-Community Partnership in Piloting the Social Tenure Domain Model in Uganda

Danilo Antonio, Jack Makau, Samuel Mabala,

In the recently published State of the World’s Cities (2010/2011) by UN-Habitat, it was highlighted that urban slum population is expected to increase to 1.4 billion by 2020. Such realization has triggered a continuing debate in the global development discourse on a new phenomenon – the urbanisation of poverty. The benefits of land administration systems…

Communities’ Ability in Consultations and Land Transactions: Improving the “Empowering Effect” of Tenure Security Initiatives in Rural Mozambique

Giorgia Mei, Mariagrazia Alabrese,

The 1997 Land Law in Mozambique recognizes the “Right to Use and Benefit from Land” (DUAT) in the following situations: collective or individual “customary occupation”; individual “good faith occupation”; temporary (renewable) authorization for commercial exploitation of the land to national and foreign individuals or corporate entities. Mozambique’s Land Law establishes also that in cases of…

Community Empowerment and Participation in Maternal Health in Kamwenge District, Uganda

Aaron Muhinda, Joyce Mugarura, Abrahams Mutumba Zahura,

The status of maternal health in Uganda has remained poor despite the country’s relatively fast economic growth of the past 20 years. The proportion of women delivering in health units remains low and there is a gap between the numbers attending antenatal services and those delivering in health services. In Kamwenge District, where as in…

A Life with Dignity: Honduran Women Raising Voices to Improve Labour Standards

Juan-Carlos Arita, Oxfam Great Britain,

This paper shows how CODEMUH (Colectiva de Mujeres Hondureñas), a grassroots women’s collective in Honduras, mobilised a popular movement around labour rights in the country’s textile factories, or maquilas. Focusing on occupational health, CODEMUH ran a campaign which included research, training, and advocacy workshops for the women themselves, building alliances locally, nationally, and internationally, and…

A New Way of Working: Community Participation in Local Budgeting in Georgia

Thea Jamaspishvili, Oxfam Great Britain,

The collapse of the Soviet Union led to difficult times for the independent state of Georgia, as it made the transition from a centralised to a market economy, and from a communist to a democratic system. People had no experience of making decisions, even at local level, or of participating actively in local government. Since…

El Salvador Mediation Project Final Report

United States Agency for International Development (USAID),

Seventeen years after the end of El Salvador’s civil war, the legacy of war continues. High levels of social and economic inequality, joblessness, and violent crime threaten the peace process initiated to stabilize post-civil war El Salvador. El Salvador remains one of the most violent countries in the Western Hemisphere with an average of 10…

History in the making: How communities in Kenya are claiming their land rights

Posted by Jaron Vogelsang in Advocacy & Systemic Change, Community Land Protection, Namati News

Over 60% of Kenya’s land mass is community land. The indigenous people that live off these lands have done so for generations, and yet they’ve never had the legal rights to govern them. As a result, they are vulnerable to having their land and resources grabbed for mining, agribusiness, and public infrastructure projects. But in…

New book on protecting community lands and resources in Africa from Namati and Natural Justice

Posted by Marena Brinkhurst in Advocacy & Systemic Change, Land & Natural Resources, Resources & Research

In 2013, a group of 20 expert advocates from across Africa gathered for a three-day symposium to share experiences and practical strategies for effectively supporting communities to protect their lands and natural resources. The symposium illuminated many similarities between the types of threats to communities’ land and natural resource claims, as well as underlying factors that drive and exacerbate…