Public / Private Enterprises

Community-Investor Negotiation Guide 2: Negotiating Contracts with Investors

Namati, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment ,

Deciding whether or not to allow an investor to use community lands and natural resources is one of the most important decisions a community can make. When negotiations are conducted fairly and inclusively, investments may result in the creation of jobs, provision of much-needed infrastructure such as schools, roads and clinics, and rental payments that…

Community-Investor Negotiation Guide 1: Preparing in Advance for Potential Investors

Namati, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment ,

Deciding whether or not to allow an investor to use community lands and natural resources is one of the most important decisions a community can make. When negotiations are conducted fairly and inclusively, investments may result in the creation of jobs, provision of much-needed infrastructure such as schools, roads and clinics, and rental payments that…

Improving Accountability in Agricultural Investments: Reflections from Legal Empowerment Initiatives in West Africa

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED),

A recent surge in agribusiness plantation deals has increased pressures on land in many low- and middle-income countries. Rural people have mobilized to protect their rights, seek better terms or oppose the deals altogether. Since 2014, a set of initiatives in Cameroon, Ghana and Senegal has worked to help people harness the law in order…

Community Forestry in Myanmar: Progress & Potentials

Kyaw Tint, Oliver Springate-Baginski, Mehm Ko Ko Gyi,

This paper is the main output of a research project initiated by Pyoe Pin, and led by Ecosystem Conservation and Community Development Initiative (ECCDI) with support from the University of East Anglia, whose aim has been to fill the gap in knowledge over the progress of Community Forestry in Myanmar through a systematic study. This…

Communities’ Ability in Consultations and Land Transactions: Improving the “Empowering Effect” of Tenure Security Initiatives in Rural Mozambique

Giorgia Mei, Mariagrazia Alabrese,

The 1997 Land Law in Mozambique recognizes the “Right to Use and Benefit from Land” (DUAT) in the following situations: collective or individual “customary occupation”; individual “good faith occupation”; temporary (renewable) authorization for commercial exploitation of the land to national and foreign individuals or corporate entities. Mozambique’s Land Law establishes also that in cases of…

Pillars of the Community: How Trained Volunteers Defend Land Rights in Tanzania

Godfrey Massay,

Training volunteers to help their communities defend their land rights has proved an effective approach for promoting land justice in Tanzania. This report documents the work of a network of ‘Land Rights Monitors’ (LRMs) established and trained by Hakiardhi, a Dar-es-Salaam-based research institute working on land governance issues. Hakiardhi has trained a 600-strong network of…

How effective are environmental regulations to address impacts of industrial and infrastructure projects in India

CPR-Namati Environmental Justice Program,

India promulgated a series of environmental legislations between 1980 and 2005 to ensure that environmental and social impacts of land use change, infrastructure development, and industrialisation are kept in check and timely mitigation is undertaken. But what happens to the projects once they are granted approvals? Do they comply with all the conditions imposed on…

Annual Review of Integrated Development Programme of Women Cooperatives to Reduce Gender Based Violence in Nepal

DFID, UNICEF,

The UK has been supporting Women’s Empowerment and the Promotion of Rights through a Para Legal Committee (PLC) program from March 2010 until August 2013.  Paralegal Committees (PLCs) were initially established in 1999 and have become an important feature in villages and communities, across Nepal, to help prevent and respond to violence against women and…

Protecting Community Lands & Resources in Africa: Grassroots Advocates’ Strategies & Lessons

Stephanie Booker, Rachael Knight, Marena Brinkhurst,

This book is a collection of case studies and analysis written by practitioners, for practitioners. Together, they share a variety of ingenious, creative, and practical strategies for proactively confronting the forces that undermine community land and natural resource tenure security in Africa.

Budget Monitoring as an Advocacy Tool: Uganda Debt Network

Paolo de Renzio, Vitus Azeem, Vivek Ramkumar,

This paper is part of a series of case studies meant to provide systematic analysis of the nature and impact of applied budget work conducted by civil society organizations in different countries, and to draw useful lessons for dissemination to other budget groups. The focus of this paper is an organization called the Uganda Debt Network (UDN), which was…

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