Marena Brinkhurst

Mapbox

United States

Share:      

Member Since:
Dec 05, 2013

Last Seen:
Jan 25, 2018

Report This Member

Contributed Resources:


How to Protect Community Lands

Namati

Namati's Community Land Protection Program and partners use a five-part approach that supports communities to: proactively document and map their lands, strengthen local governance, seek formal government recognition of their land rights, and plan for the future of their lands. This toolkit is an online version of Namati’s step-by-step Community Land Protection Facilitator’s Guide. This online version splits the Guide into sections and includes links to related resources.

Community Land Protection Facilitators Guide

Rachael Knight, Marena Brinkhurst, Jaron Vogelsang, and Namati's Community Land Protection partner organizations

Namati's Community Land Protection Facilitators Guide is a step-by-step, practical “how to” manual for grassroots advocates working to help communities protect their land rights.

Community-Investor Negotiation Guide 2: Negotiating Contracts with Investors

Namati, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment

Deciding whether or not to allow an investor to use community lands and natural resources is one of the most important decisions a community can make. When negotiations are conducted fairly and inclusively, investments may result in the creation of jobs, provision of much-needed infrastructure such as schools, roads and clinics, and rental payments that...

Community-Investor Negotiation Guide 1: Preparing in Advance for Potential Investors

Namati, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment

Deciding whether or not to allow an investor to use community lands and natural resources is one of the most important decisions a community can make. When negotiations are conducted fairly and inclusively, investments may result in the creation of jobs, provision of much-needed infrastructure such as schools, roads and clinics, and rental payments that...

Chapter: Involving Government Officials in the Community Land Protection Process

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains the importance of involving government officials in community land protection efforts and includes recommendations about how to effectively engage government stakeholders.

Chapter: The Art of Good Facilitation

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that describes why good facilitation is key to the success of community land protection efforts and provides practical tips on how to improve facilitation skills.

Grassroots Legal Empowerment Strategies for Protecting Rights to Land, Natural Resources, and Environment

Marena Brinkhurst, Rachael Knight

This paper was prepared for the 3rd UNITAR-Yale Conference on Environmental Governance and Democracy, 5-7 September 2014, in New Haven, USA. Abstract: Around the world, communities face increasing threats to their lands and ecosystems from large-scale land acquisitions and expropriation for industrial agriculture, mining, deforestation and infrastructure investments. Many of these activities dispossess communities from their lands and lead to...

Chapter: Context for Community Land Protection

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that provides a short introduction to the global context for community land protection and the history of how Namati developed its community land protection approach.

Chapter: About Namati

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that introduces Namati and how we work.

Chapter: Step-by-Step Overview of the Community Land Protection Process

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that summaries the five stages of the community land protection process developed by Namati and partners.

Diagram of the Community Land Protection Process

Namati

A visual representation of the five stages of the community land protection process developed by Namati and partners.

Chapter: Adaptation of the community land protection process

Namati

A note from the Guide about adapting the approach and exercises in the Guide.

Chapter: Suggested Practices for Good Program Management

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that outlines various lessons and tips for managing a community land protection program.

Chapter: Community Selection

Namati

A chapter from the Guide detailing recommendations for how to select communities to work with and how to prioritize between communities.

Chapter: Ensuring the Participation of Women and Minority Groups

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that emphasizes the critical importance of the participation of women and minority groups and shares practical tips to ensure their voices are heard.

Chapter: Working with Community Leaders

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that discusses the importance of working closely with local leadership during community land protection efforts, and strategies to do so effectively.

Chapter: Preserving and Revitalizing Culture

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that discusses how culture is central to community land protection and strategies for integrating culture into programming.

Chapter: Community Exit

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains how to responsibly end community land protection efforts with each community – whether the process is complete or not – and avoid leaving communities in a vulnerable state.

Chapter: Introducing the Community Land Protection Process to Communities

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that suggests how organizations can begin discussing community land protection with interested communities.

Chapter: Community Definition

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that investigates the complicated question of how communities define themselves for the purposes of community land protection.

Chapter: Community Visioning

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains the Community Vision activity, designed to build community unity and motivation to complete the community land protection process.

Chapter: Valuation of Community Lands and Natural Resources

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains the Valuation activity, designed to build awareness of the value of common lands and natural resources and increase community motivation to complete the community land protection process.

Chapter: Establishing Terms of Engagement

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that introduces a method for increasing a community’s sense of ownership over the community land protection process and improving accountability between a community and an implementing organization.

Chapter: Selecting and Training Community Land Mobilizers and Interim Coordinating Committees

Namati

A chapter from the Guide about how to form and support an effective team of community members who can steward the community land protection process.

Chapter: Drafting By-Laws for Good Governance of Community Lands and Natural Resources

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that gives an overview of the by-laws process and recommendations for how to facilitate it.

Chapter: The Content of the By-laws

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that provides greater detail on the recommended content of community by-laws and prompts to help communities ensure their by-laws are comprehensive and implementable.

Chapter: Strengthening the Land Rights of Women and Members of Minority Groups

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that offers strategies for leveraging the by-laws process to strengthen the rights of women and vulnerable populations.

Chapter: Making a Zoning/Land Use Plan

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains how the community mapping activities intersect with the community by-laws process through the creation of a zoning and land use plan.

Chapter: Creating Land Governance Councils

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains how communities can use their by-laws to build or improve their local governance structures, hold their leaders accountable, and support participatory, transparent, and democratic community decision-making about their collective lands and natural resources.

Chapter: Ensuring Implementation and Enforcement of Community By-Laws

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains challenges that communities often face when implementing and enforcing their by-laws and suggests how communities can proactively prevent these issues.

Chapter: Supporting Transparent Management of Community Finances

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains ways to address critical questions about community financial management during the by-laws process.

Chapter: Resolving Land Conflicts

Namati

A chapter from the Guide about common reasons for local land conflicts and techniques to mediate and resolve them.

Chapter: Harmonizing Boundaries with Neighbors

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains the recommended process for communities to negotiate and agree upon the location of their boundaries with neighboring communities.

Chapter: Marking and Documenting Agreed Boundaries

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that considers various options for creating a final community map, including GPS measurements and surveying.

Chapter: Pursuing Legal Registration of Community Land Claims

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that gives general recommendations for how to support communities to use legal procedures to secure registration or recognition of their claims.

When Legal Empowerment Meets Community Mapping

Marena Brinkhurst

This resource is a blog post about how Namati and the Kenya Land Alliance tested new tools for participatory community mapping in Tana River, Kenya.

Chapter: Preparing Communities for Negotiations with Investors

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that details important skills and procedures for communities to prepare in case potential investors approach them seeking access to land or natural resources.

Chapter: Returning to the Vision with Community Action Plans

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that suggests how to return to the earlier Community Vision to motivate communities to create specific, feasible action plans to move towards their vision.

Chapter: Integrating Livelihood Supports

Namati

A chapter from the Guide with strategies for how the Community Land Protection process can support sustainable local livelihoods.

Chapter: Supporting Communities to Regenerate the Local Ecosystem

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that provides a brief introduction to concepts and techniques of ecosystem restoration for communities that want to rehabilitate or enhance their local ecosystems as part of their community action plans.

Chapter: Introduction to Monitoring and Evaluation

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that introduces general good practices of monitoring and evaluation.

Chapter: Gathering Baseline and Endline Data

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that explains the process of conducting a baseline and endline in order to measure impacts from community land protection efforts.

Chapter: Ongoing Monitoring and Evaluation – Collecting Data throughout the Community Land Protection Process

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that provides specific recommendations for collecting and using data in community land protection efforts.

Lessons from the Field: Engaging Local Officials to Support Community-led Natural Resource Management

Mabu Jaratpratprueang, Jason Lubanski, Marena Brinkhurst

The Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN) shares strategies to revitalize customary land and forest governance systems and engage the support of local officials.

Building resilient mechanisms for inclusive and accountable local land governance

Marena Brinkhurst (Namati), Jaron Vogelsang (Namati), Ali Kaba (SDI), Amira Kheir (International Land Coalition Secretariat)

In 2013, Duah village in Liberia faced a serious challenge. Private company Lion Growth Ltd. was interested in the acquisition of Duah customary land. Duah’s local leaders struck a deal with the company without consulting the community. As a result, Duah community mobilised and rallied around their new mechanisms for inclusive, participatory land governance and,...

Protecting Community Lands & Resources in Africa: Grassroots Advocates’ Strategies & Lessons

Stephanie Booker, Rachael Knight, Marena Brinkhurst

This book is a collection of case studies and analysis written by practitioners, for practitioners. Together, they share a variety of ingenious, creative, and practical strategies for proactively confronting the forces that undermine community land and natural resource tenure security in Africa.

Chapter: Mapping Community Lands and Natural Resources

Namati

A chapter from the Guide that shares recommendations for designing the process of community mapping.

Contributed Posts:

When Legal Empowerment Meets Community Mapping

Namati and the Kenya Land Alliance test new tools for participatory community mapping in Tana River, Kenya.

Posted May 18, 2016
Namati contributes to FAO Technical Guide on legal dimensions of responsible governance of tenure

The latest technical guide on the responsible governance of tenure from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) focuses on the legal dimensions of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure for Land, Fisheries and Forests at the national level. Rachael Knight, Director of Namati’s Community Land Protection Program, was one of the main authors…

Posted April 13, 2016
Protecting Community Lands — Everything We Know in a New Guide!

We are thrilled to launch an important new resource for frontline land rights advocates around the world: the Community Land Protection Facilitators’ Guide. After years of working with partners to support communities to protect their land rights, today we are sharing what we’ve learned. This Facilitators’ Guide is a step-by-step, practical “how to” manual for grassroots advocates…

Posted February 29, 2016
Securing Collective Land Tenure for Hunter-Gatherers in Tanzania

The following case study is an extract from Protecting Community Lands and Resources in Africa, a book of case studies that highlights land rights advocates’ innovative community land protection efforts. By Edward Loure and Edward Lekaita, Ujamaa Community Resource Team (UCRT) The Ujamaa Community Resource Team (UCRT) has been working for over a decade to address the land…

Posted February 12, 2016
Mapping and Cataloguing Community Resources in Ethiopia

The following case study is an extract from Protecting Community Lands and Resources in Africa, a book of case studies that highlights land rights advocates’ innovative community land protection efforts. By Mersha Yilma, MELCA-Ethiopia MELCA-Ethiopia is a non-governmental, non-profit organization established in 2005 under the initiative of lawyers, environmentalists, botanists, and other professionals concerned with the rapid degradation…

Posted February 11, 2016
Supporting Diverse Communities to Respond to LAPSSET with One Voice

The following case study is an extract from Protecting Community Lands and Resources in Africa, a book of case studies that highlights land rights advocates’ innovative community land protection efforts. By Mohamed Athman and Hadija Ernst, Save Lamu Save Lamu is based in Mkomani ward within Lamu town, located in the Lamu Archipelago off Kenya’s north coast. Save…

Posted February 10, 2016
Transforming Conservation for Locally-Driven Development in Namibia

The following case study is an extract from Protecting Community Lands and Resources in Africa, a book of case studies that highlights land rights advocates’ innovative community land protection efforts. By Fidi Alpers, IRDNC Integrated Rural Development and Nature Conservation (IRDNC) works to support the Khwe San community in Bwabwata National Park (BNP), Namibia to protect their access…

Posted February 8, 2016
Addressing Land Conflict & Governance in Kenya

Namati Training Visit to Turkana and Tana River December 2015 By Marena Brinkhurst, Program Associate, Community Land Protection Program In October, I and Program Director Rachael Knight visited Kenya, where the Kenya Land Alliance and Oxfam are implementing Namati’s community land protection approach in Turkana and Tana River counties. Teams of KLA staff Community Facilitators…

Posted January 23, 2016
New book on protecting community lands and resources in Africa from Namati and Natural Justice

In 2013, a group of 20 expert advocates from across Africa gathered for a three-day symposium to share experiences and practical strategies for effectively supporting communities to protect their lands and natural resources. The symposium illuminated many similarities between the types of threats to communities’ land and natural resource claims, as well as underlying factors that drive and exacerbate…

Posted January 19, 2016
Online Database of Land-based Investment Contracts Invites Innovative Proposals

OpenLandContracts.org aims to promote greater transparency of land-based investments, facilitate a better understanding of the contracts that govern them, and provide useful tools for governments, communities, companies, and other stakeholders. Initially launched in October 2015, the repository provides the full text of contracts, as well as plain language summaries of each contract’s key social, environmental, human…

Posted December 14, 2015