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Community Forestry in Myanmar: Progress & Potentials

By: Kyaw Tint, Oliver Springate-Baginski, Mehm Ko Ko Gyi

This paper is the main output of a research project initiated by Pyoe Pin, and led by Ecosystem Conservation and Community Development Initiative (ECCDI) with support from the University of East Anglia, whose aim has been to fill the gap in knowledge over the progress of Community Forestry in Myanmar through a systematic study. This paper presents the key data and findings, and offers policy recommendations based on these.

We have focused primarily on the performance of community forestry according to its own terms – i.e. the increase in forest cover in areas labelled community forests and the possibility of benefit sharing from those areas. The threat to the continuity of fallows cultivation in upland land use mosaics when they become labelled as “degraded forests” threatens the food security for some households. On the other hand, despite the restrictions, introducing community forestry may still be attractive to villagers as a route to more secure land tenure, especially as taungya cultivation typically lacks tenure security.