Marginalised groups and individuals often face difficulties in accessing essential services such as housing, health care and water – despite the existence of national and international laws that require states to guarantee equal access to basic services. Civil society organisations and lawyers in several countries are using legal frameworks to hold states accountable for their legal obligations and ensure that citizens are able to claim services to which they are entitled.
This research report examines four case studies of organisations that use legal based approaches to improve marginalised groups’ access to services, and how the state responds to them. These cases are Hakijamii, which helps people realise their socio-economic rights in Kenya; the Bar Hostess Empowerment and Support Programme in Nairobi, which supports sex workers in obtaining access to health care and challenging criminal charges; Ndifuna Ukwazi which tackles spatial inequality and land and housing segregation in Cape Town; and the Witzenberg Rural Development Center which supports and advises farm workers in one of the largest fruit growing regions in southern Africa.
The findings point at the interrelation between empowerment and accountability, and how legal frameworks are used to achieve both ends, leading to more equal and inclusive access to services.
Last updated January 30, 2013.
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Last updated: May 25, 2018
This Policy describes our privacy practices and sets out your obligations and ours with respect to your use of the Site and the Forum. This Policy applies only to the Site and the Forum and does not necessarily apply to our offline collection of information.
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Your Information is stored on Digital Ocean servers in New York, USA.
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The Forum uses data about your posts and other activity to make automated decisions about whether your posts are spam.
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The section titles in this Policy are for convenience only and have no legal or contractual effect.
The Site, the Forum, and any third party services they use, may be subject to additional terms and conditions regarding privacy and use of information. Your use of the Site and the Forum is subject to those terms and conditions, which are incorporated into this Policy by reference. In the event of an inconsistency between this Policy and any additional posted conditions, the provisions of the additional conditions shall control.
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Namati Data Protection Officer
1616 P Street NW, Suite 101
Washington, DC 20036, USA
If you live in a country which has adopted the General Data Protection Regulation (EU; 2016/679), you have a right to lodge a complaint with your relevant supervisory authority about this policy and its application.
The Policy was updated in May 2018 to comply with the General Data Protection Regulations.