Este documento ha sido elaborado como una profundización de los temas planteados en la audiencia pública titulada “Situación de defensores del medio ambiente en el contexto de las industrias extractivas en las Américas” en el marco del 156º periodo de sesiones de la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (en adelante “CIDH” o “Comisión”) y que se refiere a la situación que enfrentan, a lo largo del continente las y los defensores de la tierra, territorio y el ambiente que trabajan en temas relacionados con el impacto de los proyectos económicos a gran escala desarrollados por empresas públicas o privadas, nacionales o extranjeras en los países de la región. La amplia experiencia de las organizaciones que conforman esta delegación permite identificar patrones y desarrollos que son comunes a este colectivo, independientemente del país en el que desarrollan su labor de defensa.
Antes de abordar los patrones específicos, el presente informe hace un análisis sobre el contexto de vulnerabilidad en el que a menudo se encuentran estas defensoras y defensores, y que propician una afectación diferenciada a sus derechos, incluyendo la afectación de sus medios de subsistencia y la impunidad en que permanecen las agresiones en su contra. También retoma cuales son los deberes y obligaciones de los Estados y de las empresas en materia de protección de este colectivo.
El informe analiza la situación en las Americas, utilizando documentación de Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay y Venezuela.
Keywords: environment defenders, human rights defenders, corporate responsibility, state responsibility, civil society organizations.
Last updated January 30, 2013.
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Last updated: May 25, 2018
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The Policy was updated in May 2018 to comply with the General Data Protection Regulations.