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Impact of the Extractive Industry on the Collective Land and Forest Rights of People and Communities: A Summary

By: Margarita Flórez

This a summary of a more in-depth report on the topic which focuses on mining activities in Colombia, Peru, Guatemala, and Panama. The summary provides an overview of the main findings, data and recommendations and highlights critical aspects of the original report. A useful feature of the summary is that it is written in English, while the original report is in Spanish.


This document summarizes the main conclusions of a more in-depth report* prepared by Margarita Flórez, Asociación Ambiente y Sociedad. The report was commissioned by the Rights and Resources Initiative to document and analyze the impacts of the extractive industries on the collective land and forest rights of people and communities in Colombia, Peru, Guatemala, and Panama. It focuses on mining activities because of their increased intensity, number, and range in the last two decades, particularly in land owned by indigenous and Afro-descendant communities.

* Rights and Resources Initiative and Asociación Ambiente y Sociedad 2013. Impacto de la industria extractiva en los derechos colectivos sobre territorios y bosques de los pueblos y las comunidades. Washington, DC: Rights and Resources Initiative.