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Increasing Local Participation and Benefit in Mali’s Mining Sector

In Mali, land and natural resources are central to economies and societies. The livelihoods of most rural people are based on these resources. In recent years, outside players have also become increasingly interested in Mali’s natural resources – particularly valuable subsoil resources like minerals. Mali’s mining sector has grown greatly since the early 1990s, with a surge in gold mining activities by domestic and foreign investors attracted by the country’s rich deposits. Mining on an industrial scale is now a major activity and the second largest source of export income after cotton.

But while the state receives revenues from mining operations, some observers have criticised the negligible benefits received by local communities and the evictions and environmental pollution caused by mining activities. Macroeconomic figures about the contribution of mining to GDP or foreign exchange do not say much about the impacts (positive and negative) that mining is having at the local level – for instance, in terms of security of local land rights, and local participation in investment decisions and benefits.

This draft report was presented at a workshop in Bamako in November 2007, which was attended by representatives from communities in the two mining areas, political and administrative officials and representatives from NGOs.This publication is a synthesis of the information gathered in the field, through the legal analysis, and at the workshop in Bamako.  The objective was to identify the difficulties local communities experience in their dealings with external actors, especially investors, and to identify the legal tools that may enable them better to defend their interests.

Uploaded on: Nov 13, 2017
Last Updated: Nov 16, 2017
Year Published: 2008

Resource Tags

Resource Type: Practitioner Resources Issues: Community / Customary Land Rights, Environmental Justice, Generalist Legal Services, Governance, Accountability & Transparency, Policy Advocacy Tool Type: Manuals & Guides, Training Resources & Popular Education Method: Improving Governance, Accountability and Transparency, Promoting Citizens' Participation in Governance, Research Languages: English Regions: Mali