Reports of increasing competition and conflict over land and natural resources in Africa contradict a commonly held view among academics and international aid agencies that customary landholding systems give poor smallholders the best chance to assert and maintain their access to land. The author of this article published in the Journal of Agrarian Change emphasizes that the ambiguity and vagueness characteristic of many customary landholding systems contributes to the exclusion, marginalization, and dispossession of poor rural landholders. This can be most clearly seen in the case of weak states where, in the absence of capable and effective national and local administrative bodies, ruling elites and educated bureaucrats can exploit their privileged positions and manipulate social relations, customs and traditions to seize land. The author urges practitioners and researchers to identify how social inequalities and power imbalances operating in particular customary landholding systems contribute to the growing exclusion and impoverishment of small landholders.
Keywords: customary landholding systems, international aid agencies, domestic power imbalances, social conflict, resource competition, class formation.
Last updated January 30, 2013.
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Last updated: May 25, 2018
This Policy describes our privacy practices and sets out your obligations and ours with respect to your use of the Site and the Forum. This Policy applies only to the Site and the Forum and does not necessarily apply to our offline collection of information.
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Because Namati is concerned about the privacy protection of children who access the Internet, we comply with the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). Accordingly, the Site and Forum are not intended for use by anyone under the age of 13, and we do not knowingly collect information from anyone under 13 years of age without the consent of a parent or guardian.
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The section titles in this Policy are for convenience only and have no legal or contractual effect.
The Site, the Forum, and any third party services they use, may be subject to additional terms and conditions regarding privacy and use of information. Your use of the Site and the Forum is subject to those terms and conditions, which are incorporated into this Policy by reference. In the event of an inconsistency between this Policy and any additional posted conditions, the provisions of the additional conditions shall control.
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Namati Data Protection Officer
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Washington, DC 20036, USA
If you live in a country which has adopted the General Data Protection Regulation (EU; 2016/679), you have a right to lodge a complaint with your relevant supervisory authority about this policy and its application.
The Policy was updated in May 2018 to comply with the General Data Protection Regulations.