This is a report written by Justice for the Poor, a World Bank global research and development program which is aimed at informing, designing and supporting pro-poor approaches to justice reform.
Western institutions and systems of justice have developed as a result of socio-political processes, historical events and philosophical debates that have taken place over many centuries. Such systems therefore resonate with European societies, but when imported in post-colonial contexts they tend to become only partially embedded in urban centers. Meanwhile, in rural settings the delivery of justice usually continues to be based on local histories and values, which can differ substantially from community to community.
Reform programs in all sectors often ignore the value systems, social structures and realities of the local communities they address, therefore delivering mixed results. Further innovative programs are required to foster meaningful connections between local social structures and value systems and official justice institutions. The key to success will be the ability of different systems to adapt. Interventions may adjust the official system to local realities, but another possible focus is on the transformation of cultural values of individual communities.
Processes of transformation allow change to be set in motion from within a society itself. This canmean that ‘positive’ values are emphasized and re-instated where lost, or ‘negative’ values are transformed into positive ones. The effect is that state institutions can gain legitimacy in the eyes of local communities, and official rights are promoted.
Last updated January 30, 2013.
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Last updated: May 25, 2018
This Policy describes our privacy practices and sets out your obligations and ours with respect to your use of the Site and the Forum. This Policy applies only to the Site and the Forum and does not necessarily apply to our offline collection of information.
Namati may collect and retain two types of information about Site and Forum visitors: (i) personal information that individual visitors voluntarily provide when interacting on the Site or Forum or on certain other occasions (such as via forms or in emails); and (ii) tracking data, which is data that is automatically collected from every Site and Forum visitor as they use and browse the site.
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Your Information is stored on Digital Ocean servers in New York, USA.
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The Forum uses data about your posts and other activity to make automated decisions about whether your posts are spam.
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Because Namati is concerned about the privacy protection of children who access the Internet, we comply with the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). Accordingly, the Site and Forum are not intended for use by anyone under the age of 13, and we do not knowingly collect information from anyone under 13 years of age without the consent of a parent or guardian.
We reserve the right to disclose any information to comply with any law, regulation, decree, judgment, order, subpoena or any other governmental order (“Order”) without any obligation to contest or verify the accuracy of such Order.
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The section titles in this Policy are for convenience only and have no legal or contractual effect.
The Site, the Forum, and any third party services they use, may be subject to additional terms and conditions regarding privacy and use of information. Your use of the Site and the Forum is subject to those terms and conditions, which are incorporated into this Policy by reference. In the event of an inconsistency between this Policy and any additional posted conditions, the provisions of the additional conditions shall control.
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You can also access, remove, update or correct your information, and raise any questions or concerns regarding the Site or the Policy, by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org, or mailing:
Namati Data Protection Officer
1616 P Street NW, Suite 101
Washington, DC 20036, USA
If you live in a country which has adopted the General Data Protection Regulation (EU; 2016/679), you have a right to lodge a complaint with your relevant supervisory authority about this policy and its application.
The Policy was updated in May 2018 to comply with the General Data Protection Regulations.