This paper explores critically the notion of legal empowerment and adds to the current efforts to conceptualize and measure legal empowerment. The authors posit that legal empowerment should be sought not in the process of providing legal solutions but in the subjective self-belief that a person possesses and can mobilize the necessary resources, competencies and energies to solve particular problem of legal nature. This model rejects the existence of an overall quantity of legal empowerment. People’s beliefs in their ability to solve legal problems differ by type of problem, distribution of power in important relationships, social support infrastructure, language and many other factors.
The authors propose a measurement framework in which the model of task-specific subjective legal empowerment is estimated through a probabilistic assessment of the perceived capabilities to sort out problems from the everyday life which normally could be resolved with legal means. Validity of the tool is assessed through application to convenience samples of beneficiaries of NGOs providing legal aid to vulnerable people in Azerbaijan, Mali, Rwanda, Egypt and Bangladesh. The results suggest that subjective legal empowerment is an observable and measurable psychological state. The major policy implications from the proposed model of subjective legal empowerment is that it could be used as measurable benchmark for assessing the impact of diverse legal interventions on the subjective legal empowerment of individuals and social groups.
Last updated January 30, 2013.
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Last updated: May 25, 2018
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Namati may collect and retain two types of information about Site and Forum visitors: (i) personal information that individual visitors voluntarily provide when interacting on the Site or Forum or on certain other occasions (such as via forms or in emails); and (ii) tracking data, which is data that is automatically collected from every Site and Forum visitor as they use and browse the site.
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The current list of third-party service providers we use include:
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Your Information is stored on Digital Ocean servers in New York, USA.
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The Forum uses data about your posts and other activity to make automated decisions about whether your posts are spam.
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The section titles in this Policy are for convenience only and have no legal or contractual effect.
The Site, the Forum, and any third party services they use, may be subject to additional terms and conditions regarding privacy and use of information. Your use of the Site and the Forum is subject to those terms and conditions, which are incorporated into this Policy by reference. In the event of an inconsistency between this Policy and any additional posted conditions, the provisions of the additional conditions shall control.
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Namati Data Protection Officer
1616 P Street NW, Suite 101
Washington, DC 20036, USA
If you live in a country which has adopted the General Data Protection Regulation (EU; 2016/679), you have a right to lodge a complaint with your relevant supervisory authority about this policy and its application.
The Policy was updated in May 2018 to comply with the General Data Protection Regulations.