Foam and algae float on water polluted by chemical waste as it enters the Daman River near Vapi from the Common Effluent Treatment Plant, which is operated by the Vapi Industrial Association and monitored by the Gujurat Pollution Control Board. As a result of the plant’s failure to properly treat the effluent before release the river is heavily polluted downstream from here.

Vapi, an industrial city on the south coast of Gujurat State, is ranked by the Indian government in the top four sites in the country with highly critical pollution levels. There are as many as 700 small to medium scale chemical production plants in the city. Much of the chemical waste finds it way into two nearby rivers, the Kolak and the Daman.

October 15, 2015 | Namati Author