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A Critical Analysis of China’s Sedentarisation Policies and Programmes and the Socio-Economic Implications for Tibetan Pastoral Nomads

By: Mark Kernan

This study explores the implementation of China’s development and environmental policies and programs on the Tibetan plateau since 2000. The policy objectives are threefold; 1) modernise the region and integrate it into China’s state capitalist system, 2) preserve degraded grasslands, and 3) relocate and sedentarise the region’s pastoral nomads. Chinese development policy has blamed nomads for the destruction of the grassland commons citing a ‘tragedy of the commons’ scenario as justification for enclosing the Tibetan commons. As a result, hundreds of thousands of nomads are now living in semi-urbanised townships. The principle aim of the study is to understand and make explicit these top-down grassland policies, and, in the process evaluate the socio-economic implications for newly settled nomads.

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Uploaded on: Jun 09, 2015
Last Updated: Dec 04, 2015
Year Published: 2013
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