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Land deals in Africa: What is in the contracts?

By: Lorenzo Cotula, International Institute for Environment and Development

This report analyses 12 land deals and their wider legal frameworks. Limited access to contractual documentation means that the analysis is preliminary and incomplete. The aim is to discuss the contractual issues for which public scrutiny is most needed and to promote informed public debate about them. The report examines the contracts through a sustainable development lens. In this perspective, for host countries, attracting investment is not an end in itself, but a means to an end. The ultimate goal is to improve living conditions whilst protecting the environment. Because of this lens, key issues discussed in the report relate to participation in the contracting process, to economic fairness between investor and host country, to the distribution of risks, costs and benefits within the host country, to the degree of integration of social and environmental concerns, and to the extent to which the balance between economic, social and environmental considerations can evolve over contract duration.

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Uploaded on: Jan 12, 2015
Last Updated: Dec 04, 2015
Year Published: 2011
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