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Social Mobilization Guidelines (final draft 28.12.09)

By: Nepal Ministry of Local Governance

This resource introduces the concept of social mobilisation and describes how it will be used to achieve the goals and objectives of the Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP) in Nepal. Social mobilizers perform many of the roles of grassroots legal advocates in Nepal.

Nepal has a long tradition of social mobilisation. It has become an integral part of many development programmes and it has been recognised in the 10th Five-year Plan and the 3-year Interim Plan as a means for contributing to the national poverty reduction goal. The aim of social mobilisation is empowerment and social transformation to improve people’s lives through livelihoods enhancing activities and through better service delivery. Social mobilisation makes people more aware of their rights and responsibilities in society, and helps to break down social barriers especially for disadvantaged groups (DAGs). Is helps DAGs to develop linkages with local bodes and other service providers that can provide them with access to programmes, services and funds that addresses their specific issues, concerns and rights across all sectors.

The purpose of this guideline:

(i) To create a common understanding of the transformational approach to social mobilisation at all levels and by all stakeholders

(ii) To ensure uniformity in approach to social mobilisation implementation by different local bodies (especially by VDCs, municipalities and DDCs)

(iii) To support local bodies to implement social mobilisation in their respective VDCs and municipality wards

(iv) To provide a tool for capacity building of social mobilisers