Impact on Natural Environment

Communities at the heart of forest management: How can the law make a difference?

Nathalie Faure, Benjamin Ichou, Tanja Venisnik,

This report is intended to provide guidance to develop enabling legal frameworks governing community forestry. It offers recommendations and a framework for reflection for all actors engaged in creating, implementing or revising laws on community forestry, and for civil society in particular. Drawing lessons from the design and implementation of community forestry laws in Nepal,…

The Impact of Land Property Rights Interventions on Investment and Agricultural Productivity in Developing Countries: a Systematic Review

Steven Lawry, Cyrus Samii, Ruth Hall, Aaron Leopold, Donna Hornby, Farai Mtero,

Secure and predictable access to land as a productive resource is key to the livelihoods of millions of farmers around the world. Secure land tenure enables farmers to invest in long-term improvements to their farms and soils in the expectation that they will reap the benefits of those investments without fear that their land be…

Results of Early Open Government Partnership Initiatives

Open Government Partnership,

Since its start in 2011, Open Government Partnership (OGP) has launched seven very different reforms in different regions and covering a broad range of open government topics. This case study contains brief summaries of the results for those seven initiatives: empowering indigenous populations in Costa Rica, monitoring public spending in Italy, collecting data on air quality…

How effective are environmental regulations to address impacts of industrial and infrastructure projects in India

CPR-Namati Environmental Justice Program,

India promulgated a series of environmental legislations between 1980 and 2005 to ensure that environmental and social impacts of land use change, infrastructure development, and industrialisation are kept in check and timely mitigation is undertaken. But what happens to the projects once they are granted approvals? Do they comply with all the conditions imposed on…

Practitioners’ Brief: Indigenous Peoples’ Right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent in International and Regional Human Rights Law

Kelsey Ryburn, Namati,

An introduction to the right to free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) in international human rights law. This resource is intended for legal empowerment practitioners who may be somewhat familiar with FPIC but would like to learn more about applying the concept.

Handbook on Legal and Administrative Remedies for Community Level Environment Justice Practitioners in India

Centre for Policy Research-Namati Environmental Justice,

Community-level environment justice practitioners, or grassroots environment paralegals, use legal empowerment approaches to assist affected communities to seek legal remedies through administrative routes. This handbook is a guide to help practitioners in India use appropriate legal clauses and institutional routes in their work. The handbook presents scenarios that include problem types, the likely complaints the…

Webinar Video: Community Land Protection Facilitator’s Guide Overview

Rachael Knight,

This video is a recording of a webinar outlining the five-part approach to protecting community land, as detailed in the Community Land Protection Facilitator’s Guide. The webinar was delivered by Rachael Knight, the director of Namati’s community land protection program and one of the guide’s main authors. The Guide is a step-by-step, practical “how to” manual for…

Report on Indigenous Women and the Lapsset Corridor in Laikipia and Isiolo Counties

Samburu Women Trust, Dr. Sena Kanyinke,

Indigenous Peoples have diverse, often negative experiences with mega-infrastructure projects. For Indigenous Peoples in Laikipia and Isiolo counties, the Lamu-Port-South Sudan-EthiopiaTransport (LAPSSET) Corridor program is one such mega project that may portend good or bad for them. The LAPSSET corridor program is a flagship infrastructure project under Kenya’s Vision 2030. As conceived, the LAPSSET program…

Protecting Community Lands & Resources in Africa: Grassroots Advocates’ Strategies & Lessons

Stephanie Booker, Rachael Knight, Marena Brinkhurst,

This book is a collection of case studies and analysis written by practitioners, for practitioners. Together, they share a variety of ingenious, creative, and practical strategies for proactively confronting the forces that undermine community land and natural resource tenure security in Africa.

Housing Permission Brochure for Coastal Communities

Namati, Centre for Policy Research (CPR), Karnataka Coastal Zone Management Authority,

Environmental justice paralegals in coastal Uttara Karnataka help clients obtain these permissions so that they can reside on the coast without fear of the law. Namati and the Centre for Policy Research prepared this information brochure, in Kannada – the local language, with the support of the district administration to help local people, including fishing communities, negotiate the…

Saving Sangam from Mining

Posted by Vijay Rathod in Community Paralegals, Environment, Land & Natural Resources

The following post originally appeared on India Water Portal. There was illegal mining in the Triveni Sangam and I could not believe my eyes. Who could do something like this? The sangam, or confluence of rivers, in the Gujarat district of India, has a special place in my mind as I had grown up visiting…

How a Coastal Violation is Leading to a Small Revolution in Karnataka

Posted by Vinod Patgar in Environment

The following blog by CPR-Namati Enviro-Legal Coordinator, Vinod Patgar, originally appeared on myLaw.net. Baad, a village near my village of Kagal in coastal Karnataka, hosts a fair every year at the Shri Kanchika Parameshwari temple. As children, the joy of going to this fair was unparalleled. During the fair, the yakshagana, a folk dance, used…

New Handbook for Environment Justice Practitioners in India

Posted by Namati in Community Paralegals, Environment, Land & Natural Resources, Resources & Research

Handbook on Legal and Administrative Remedies for Community Level Environment Justice Practitioners in India   The Centre for Policy Research-Namati Environmental Justice Program has produced an indispensable new handbook that helps environment justice practitioners in India to identify and use appropriate legal clauses and institutional routes in their work. Environment justice practitioners, or grassroots environment paralegals,…

Groundtruthing Environmental Violations in Chhattisgarh, India

Posted by Krithika Dinesh in Community Paralegals, Environment, Namati News

Namati and the Centre for Policy Research are pleased to release the second report in their series on community-led groundtruthing exercises in India. The report, Closing the Enforcement Gap: Groundtruthing of Environmental Violations in Sarguja, Chhattisgarh, outlines how representatives from three villages in the state of Chhattisgrah in central India used the process of groundtruthing to establish that the…

Bringing Law to Life: Paralegal Interventions in Natural Resource Exploitation

Posted by Sonkita Conteh in Community Paralegals, Land & Natural Resources

Introduction When a diamond mining company closed its operations in Mofuwe Village, in the south of Sierra Leone, it left behind three mined-out pits the size of several football pitches, a collapsed bridge, a blocked stream and an uncompleted community school building. It was as if the villagers woke up one morning and the company…

Is the Hubli-Ankola Railway line approved?

Posted by Kanchi Kohli in Environment

India’s media reports that the country’s National Green Tribunal (NGT) has given clearance to Indian Railways to approach the state government regarding the Hubli-Ankola rail link, which will pass through the dense Western Ghats in Karnataka. Kanchi Kohli writes on how the orders of NGT do not necessarily imply a complete go-ahead for the railway…

The Community Land Protection Facilitator’s Guide

Posted by Namati's Community Land Protection Team in Community Land Protection, Resources & Research

Namati’s Community Land Protection Facilitator’s Guide is a step-by-step, practical “how to” manual for grassroots advocates working to help communities protect their customary claims and rights to land and natural resources. After years of working with partner organizations around the world to support communities to protect their land rights, Namati has developed a comprehensive, five-part approach…

New book on protecting community lands and resources in Africa from Namati and Natural Justice

Posted by Marena Brinkhurst in Advocacy & Systemic Change, Land & Natural Resources, Resources & Research

In 2013, a group of 20 expert advocates from across Africa gathered for a three-day symposium to share experiences and practical strategies for effectively supporting communities to protect their lands and natural resources. The symposium illuminated many similarities between the types of threats to communities’ land and natural resource claims, as well as underlying factors that drive and exacerbate…

The Sea, the Law and Salt

Posted by Vimal Kalavadiya and Bharat Patel in Environment

How we used the law to reclaim the inter-tidal area at Bavdi Bander, Gujarat, India The Kutch district in Gujarat, one of the largest in India, has a coastline of 405 kilometers and inter-tidal area of about 200 kilometers. For generations, communities in the district have engaged in agriculture, pottery, animal husbandry, weaving, fishing, and…

Ignoring the institutions that can save India’s coastal regions

Posted by Manju Menon, Kanchi Kohli and Meenakshi Kapoor in Environment

Since November 2014 there have been at least four amendments to India’s Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 2011. In all but one instance, the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has emphasised on the “public interest” clause, allowing the dispensation of the requirement of a public notice and seeking citizen’s inputs before the…

India’s Quest for Power

Posted by Kanchi Kohli in Environment

Namati’s Kanchi Kohli on how India’s ‘balance’ of industrialisation and ecological protection actually looks at the ground level. “The lives of people living in coastal or forest ecosystems are likely to change drastically if one is to go by the number of power plants going up in India today. Each company seeking permission to operate a coal mine…