Around the Landfill Sites: A Groundtruthing of Solid Waste Management Law Across Landfill Sites in Coastal Areas of Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka

The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules (MSW Rules) came into force in 2000 and laid down the rules to be followed by municipal authorities while collecting, transporting, segregating, processing, storing and disposing municipal solid wastes. These rules have been enacted under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. As there were several reports (see Annexure I) of impacts in the Uttara Kannada district in Karnataka due to waste disposal, a groundtruthing study was conducted to examine compliance with the rules and gauge whether the impacts were due to non-compliance. Between July 2016 and May 2017, the Centre for Policy Research (CPR)-Namati Environmental Justice Program, along with the affected people of Uttara Kannada, initiated this community-led groundtruthing process. This report describes the process of studying the law with affected people for the examination of compliance and seeking of remedies. The first section describes the background of the region and the issue. The second section elaborates the methodology of the study. Detailed findings from the study are described in the third section, which also gives the compliance status with some major rules and the impacts of non-compliance. The fourth section describes particular instances where remedies were sought for the non-compliance. The similarities of the problems of solid waste disposal in Panchayat areas are mentioned in the fifth section. Lastly, the recommendations that are drawn from the findings of this study are given in the final section.